Posted in adam, communion, Lord's table, sleep

Links for: Grace vs. Law; Lord’s Table; Historical Adam, Theology of Sleep

One thing I love about summer vacation, which is going to end Sunday night at midnight [sigh] is that I have time to read widely. I can explore the web to find new, good Christian men and women bloggers, essayists, and teachers. I can study with commentaries and listen to sermons from preachers long loved or new to me. Or even bask in the doctrinally solid animations of Chris Powers. Here are some links worth considering, from writers worth reading more of, and issues worth pondering.

EPrata photo

Jerry Wragg at Grace & Granite writes today about the oft-heard phrase “Gospel-centered” and how some people take that to mean grace excludes the Law. Or at least, the commandments in the New Testament. As in, “I’m saved by grace and striving to adhere to Jesus’ commands is law, so I don’t have to try.” And if you don’t think there aren’t commands in the NT, read all the way to the end of the Great Commission verse, Matthew 28:19-20. Here are a couple of sentences he phrased succinctly:

“How can anyone claim to be “gospel-centered” and depreciate the very commandments of Jesus at its center?”

But on the other hand, if we truly believe the gospel, our submission to Christ will not be for the purpose of adding anything to His cross, but rather to magnify His glory through the display of His power.

Here is Mr Wragg’s essay about Gospel centered grace and what it actually means. Gospel-Off-Centered? – Part 1


Was Adam a Historical Person? For 100 years or more, since Mr Darwin proposed evolution, we have been dealing with naysayers who claim that earth can’t be old and Adam can’t be new. That we can believe Adam evolved and still retain the essential beliefs inherent in the Gospel, the problem of death, the problem of sin, and the issue of Jesus’ resurrection. Here at Ligonier Ministries, they argue otherwise. Here is a sample:

We may frame the issue in the form of two related questions. First, does the Bible require us to believe that Adam was a historical person? Second, would anything be lost in the gospel if we were to deny Adam’s historicity? In answer to the first question, yes, the Bible requires us to believe that Adam was a historical person. Some of the clearest testimony about Adam comes from the New Testament.

May we uphold universal sin and death while discounting the way in which the Scripture says sin and death entered the world? The answer is no. The Bible does not give us that option. It clearly teaches that sin entered the world through the one action of one historical man, Adam (Rom. 5:12).

In a post-script to this snippet, may I remind us that Mr Billy Graham holds the opposite view, that one may believe God evolved Adam and did not create him in one day, and that this presents no harm to our biblical world view. He said in 1997, [emphasis mine]

The Bible is a book of Redemption, and of course I accept the Creation story. I believe that God did create the universe. I believe that God created man, and whether it came by an evolutionary process and at a certain point He took this person or being and made him a living soul or not, does not change the fact that God did create man. … whichever way God did it makes no difference as to what man is and man’s relationship to God. From, Billy Graham: Personal Thoughts of a Public Man, 1997. p. 72-74

How can the bible be a book of redemption without the historically created, unevolved Adam, as Mr Graham asserts? As Ligonier presents,

“Absent a historical fall, the Bible’s account of redemption through the Second and Last Adam, Jesus Christ, makes no sense at all. How can it at all be meaningful to say with the Bible that God, in His sovereign and infinite mercy, has recovered and restored what was lost in the fall? To deny the historicity of Adam is no trivial matter.”

Read about the Adam issue at Ligonier to compare, and see the damage Mr Graham’s view does to both our biblical worldview, the Gospel, and our position on the sufficiency of the bible.

Wikipedia commons

Pastor Tom Genovese is a pastor in the far reaches of Downeast Maine. He posted about “A Problem at Lord’s Supper“, a sensitive essay with a view of the Lord’s Supper I enjoyed very much. He proposed,

However, we need to ask ourselves, What is it that I’m to look for in my self-examination prior to partaking the Lord’s Supper? The best way to answer this is to see why it was that Paul told the Corinthians to examine themselves. What were these Corinthians doing that made them unworthy to participate in this church ordinance? I believe verse 22 holds our answer. There were some in the church that held such a disdain for their brethren that Paul said that they “despised the church of God” to the point of shame. In verse 29, Paul tells these unworthy Christians that chastisement is a result of “not discerning the Lord’s body.”

And the rest of the essay continues with an explanation of this self-examination. Read it and see what you think.


I love to study the theology of sleep. And this is not solely because I love my naps during summer afternoons! There are many kinds of sleep in the bible. Romans 11:8 shows us one, and I use the KJV here

(According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day.

The Alliance of Confessing Evangelicals is another good spot to read more good stuff. This recent essay “A Biblical Theology of Sleep” presents interesting food for thought. Like this:

Whereas Jonah avoided God’s call by sleeping in the ship during a storm, Jesus exhibited faith in God’s call by sleeping in the boat during a storm (Mk 4:36-41).


Alistair Begg preaches a wonderful 25-minute sermon about The Use and Abuse of Words. Do the words we speak harm? Divide? Or do they edify? Are they kind? Are they necessary? Words can enhance the progress of God’s people or they can destroy praise and inhibit the progress of God’s people. Has truth vanished from your lips?  

“Listen young people, there are three things not returned:

1. The spent arrow
2. The spoken word
3. The lost opportunity”

 Listen to this sermon. As a matter of fact I’m going to do an entire blog entry about the power of words in just a moment.


Enjoy your summer day, whether it is the last day of the work week for you or the first day of a weekend, or just great because Jesus gave us another day to ‘to magnify His glory through the display of His power’ it is bound to be a good one. Why am I sure of this? Because Jesus is with us, always and to the end of the age.

Posted in good gifts, jesus, rest, sleep, trust

O, to sleep

Our Father gives us good gifts.

If you then, who are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father who is in heaven give good things to those who ask him!” (Matthew 7:11)

One of those gifts is sleep.

There is so much meaning in the following verses. Please consider:

Unless the Lord builds the house, those who build it labor in vain. Unless the Lord watches over the city, the watchman stays awake in vain. It is in vain that you rise up early and go late to rest, eating the bread of anxious toil; for he gives to his beloved sleep.” (Psalm 127:1-2)

First we learn that we are His beloved. Second, He gives sleep to His beloved. It is one of the good gifts. Third, we can do nothing apart from Him.

John Everett Millais, The Somnambulist, 1871

Anyone striving, reaching, or toiling apart from Him will yield nothing, no matter how long they labor and no matter how much sleep they lose. Watchmen can watch all they want but unless the LORD is watching too, they will see nothing. Or if they do, they will be able to prevent nothing. Builders can build all they want but unless the LORD is in it, the endeavor will come to nothing. Anxious toil is not of the LORD. Neither is its mate: anxious rest.

For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.” (Matthew 11:30)

Ultimately the verse in Psalms is saying that those who sleep well do so because of the LORD. Not just because He delivered a good gift of sleep, but because they trust Him. Therefore they do not make a habit of unease. They do not worry, therefore they do not become restless at night. Good sleep is a gift and it is from a habitual clean conscience and a characteristic of an obedient soul. Witness the most obedient soul who ever lived. His trust in the LORD was complete and total, and He slept like it.

And there arose a fierce gale of wind, and the waves were breaking over the boat so much that the boat was already filling up. Jesus Himself was in the stern, asleep on the cushion; and they woke Him and said to Him, “Teacher, do You not care that we are perishing?” And He got up…” (Mark 4:37-39a).

Failure to rest can be showing a lack of faith in God’s provision. A soul which trusts in the Lord will reflect that trust in his sleep.

Oh, I know that temporarily there are circumstances which keep us awake at night. A new mother learning to listen for the cry of her baby may have some difficulty sleeping. And so on. But normally, we should be like David,

In peace I will both lie down and sleep; for you alone, O LORD, make me dwell in safety.” (Psalm 4:8)

If you’re not sleeping, reflect on it. Is your toil anxious because it is not of the Lord? Is your sleep uneasy because you need to trust Him more?

Therefore my heart is glad and my tongue rejoices; my body also will rest secure.” (Psalm 16:9)

His burden is light. Hand your burdens to Him, trust in Him. And sleep well my brothers and sisters.

Photo by Brandon Atkinson, creative commons