Posted in theology

What will happen to unbelievers upon death, and why?

By Elizabeth Prata

Adam and Eve ate of the fruit they were told to avoid. This was sin. Sin is anything we think, say, or do that is against God’s law. Their disobedience is called the Fall. They fell from their lofty position of perfection and intimate, personal relationship with God into a low position of guilt and disobedience. When Adam and Eve did that, God withdrew since sin had become a barrier to walking with Him personally in the garden.

Forever after that moment, all humans born on earth (except Jesus) had an innate sin nature. Their first thought is sin and they cannot escape their own nature. Just as a lion is a carnivore by nature and would not consciously choose to change his nature to vegetarian, so humans are sinners and cannot choose to change their nature to holiness. It has to be done outside of man. God is outside of man and thus is the agent of that necessary change.

The ungodly will always rebel and will continuing doing so. Man waxes worse and worse. (2 Timothy 3:13). The worse that sinners get, the worse society gets as a whole. (Romans 1:18-32). Everything is worse and worse because sin always has a downward trajectory.

Unbelievers who refuse Jesus’ salvation will meet their end. Then judgment.

And just as it is appointed for man to die once, and after that comes judgment, (Hebrews 9:27).

Christians escape judgment because upon confession of our sin and belief in His Gospel, He declares us justified. Justification is a court term, meaning pardoned. The result of justification is, our due punishment was already rendered onto Jesus on the cross. It was transferred from us, to Him. We are no longer under judgment and our heavenly court record is wiped clean. Sin still has been addressed, so the JUDGE is still justice-oriented and not ignoring any sin whatsoever, as promised in Matthew 10:26.

The JUDGE (who is God) has declared us forgiven (pardoned in court) and thus we receive no wrath for our sins. Non-believers who reject Jesus have not had the due punishment for their sin transferred onto Jesus and so will be punished after all, in hell.

There is an end and it will come. It will come not by overpopulation or asteroid or global warming. The end will come, and it won’t be as stimulating as comfortable intellectual discussions from ivory tower editors and scientists publishing theories in magazines. The end will come, and it won’t be as thrilling as when they watched it in the movie theaters with fancy graphics and computer generated people. All one needs to do is look at the Bible, and believe what it says. The end of the end is there:

looking for and hastening the coming of the day of God, because of which the heavens will be destroyed by burning, and the elements will melt with intense heat!” (2 Peter 3:12)

The earth is broken up, the earth is split asunder, the earth is thoroughly shaken.” (Isaiah 24:19).

The mountains melt beneath him and the valleys split apart, like wax before the fire, like water rushing down a slope (Micah 1:4).

By the same word the present heavens and earth are reserved for fire, being kept for the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly men.” (2 Peter 3:7).

A Day will finally arrive when God will address all remaining sin in the universe. For humans it will come at the Great White Throne judgment depicted in Revelation 20:11-15  which is the Second Death.

Death, judgment, and eternal punishment is the future for the ungodly, (Revelation 20-13-14) but that is not the end for the godly! Believers in Jesus will see the earth renewed! We will live!

Revelation 21:1-6 – “Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea. I saw the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Now the dwelling of God is with men, and he will live with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God. He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.” He who was seated on the throne said, “I am making everything new!” Then he said, “Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.” He said to me: “It is done.”

Please repent and believe in the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Too many sermons and books and other materials have ignored the true fact of God’s wrath upon unbelievers. It rests upon them now (John 3:36) and will be carried out in the future personally in the presence of the Lamb forever (Revelation 14:9-10).

Here is the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Please read, re-read, confess & repent. The time is short.

What is the Gospel?

More on What is the Gospel?


Christian writer and Georgia teacher's aide who loves Jesus, a quiet life, art, beauty, and children.

One thought on “What will happen to unbelievers upon death, and why?

  1. Thank you for your gracious reminder of God’s undeserved love & mercy. What I’ve found tragic is that Adam had the ability to NOT SIN, as Sproul iterated time & again; ‘posse non peccare.’ Adam could’ve taken Satan’s claim to God but chose not to. Praise triune God for His wonderful salvation plan.


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