Posted in theology

Tribulation Chronology

By Elizabeth Prata

There are two main parts to time immediately before Christ comes: the End Times and the Tribulation.

The end times are characterized by signs that are spoken of by Peter, Timothy, Jesus, Daniel, Isaiah, and in other books of the Bible in both the New and Old Testaments. The end time began when Jesus ascended in Acts 1:11 and will end at His return in Revelation 19:11.

The Tribulation begins when the Antichrist confirms a seven year covenant (treaty) with Israel. Daniel 9:27, Daniel 12:11. Then, a series of seven seals are opened.

The first four seals release a horseman as each are opened in turn:

White: the Antichrist, Revelation 6:2

Red: War, Revelation 6:3-4

Black: Famine, Revelation 6:5-6

Pale/Chloros: Death, Revelation 6:8

Fifth Seal: Death of Martyrs, Revelation 6:9

Sixth Seal: Great earthquake/moon as blood/sun darkened, Revelation 6:12

Seventh Seal: ushers in the next series of judgments. The Trumpets. These will be so harrowing there is silence in heaven for half an hour.

Trumpet 1: Hail and Fire burn up grass and 1/3 trees, Revelation 8:7

Trumpet 2: Blazing mountain thrown into sea, 1/3 sea creatures die, Revelation 8:8

Trumpet 3: Wormwood falls from heaven, poisoning 1/3 rivers, Revelation 8:10

Trumpet 4: Removal of 1/3 light on earth, Revelation 8:12

These judgments remove 1/3 of everything we need to live: water, vegetation, light. Thus ends the ‘easy’ part. Now God gets tough.

Trumpet 5: Scorpion-Locusts from the Abyss, five months torture from their stings, Revelation 9:1-12.

Trumpet 6: Four angels bound in Euphrates loosed and kill 1/3 mankind, Revelation 9:14

Trumpet 7: Initiates Bowl judgments. “Great” Tribulation begins. This is when satan is cast out of heaven (Revelation 12) and he becomes so angry that he tries to kill the Jews, (Revelation 12:12-13) but they flee to the wilderness (understood to be Petra in Jordan) (Revelation 12:14) and so satan turns his hate and anger and frustration to the Christians. (Revelation. 12:17)

Bowl 1: Painful sores upon those with the Mark, Revelation. 16:2

Bowl 2: Sea into blood, all seas & creatures die, Revelation. 16:3.

Bowl 3: All fresh water turns to blood, Revelation. 16:4.

Bowl 4: Sun scorches people with fire, people curse God, Revelation 16:5

Bowl 5: Antichrist’s throne & kingdom thrown into total darkness, Revelation. 16:10

Bowl 6: Euphrates dried up, enabling Kings of East to assemble armies at Armageddon, Revelation. 16:12.

Bowl 7: “It is done!” Earthquake so great every island and mountain pass away, 100lb hailstones fall upon men. Revelation. 17:21.

The Harlot of the One World Religion is destroyed and the battle of Armageddon takes place when Jesus returns with his church in victory. He reigns for 1000 years! Revelation 17,18 and 19. Praise God!

Good links to more about the chronology with commentary and explanations:

The First Half of the Tribulation
Tribulation Judgments: Are they sequential, natural, or supernatural?
Will believers suffer through the Tribulation?


Christian writer and Georgia teacher's aide who loves Jesus, a quiet life, art, beauty, and children.

2 thoughts on “Tribulation Chronology

  1. Dear Elizabeth, Thank you so much for all of your time and writings. Will we ‘the church’ be in our resurrected bodies during the 1000-year reign? If so, how do we comingle with those who received Christ during the tribulation? Are they too transformed into their resurrection bodies or no because they will be procreating during the Millenium?

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    1. Hi,
      According to my understanding, believers both dead and alive during the church age will receive glorified bodies on the way up in the rapture. 1 Corinthians 15:51

      The Tribulation happens. When it ends the Old Testament saints are resurrected, though the timing of this particular resurrection is less definite by scripture. I personally believe this is when the OT folks are raised to new bodies. (Isaiah 26:19; Hosea 13:14).

      There are those who are mortal, they were alive when the Tribulation ended and they enter the 1000 year kingdom as mortals. We know this because as you said, they procreate. The earth is re-populated. Isaiah 65:20.

      Tribulation martyrs are resurrected at the beginning of the 1000 Kingdom to rule with Jesus. Revelation 20:4, 6

      The 1000 year kingdom ends. Satan is loosed and there is a rebellion. It’s squashed immediately. Revelation 20:11-15 depicts the final judgment prior to all the lost being judged then cast into the lake of fire. The lost by the way are also given eternal bodies, ones fit to withstand punishment.

      How do we co-mingle? During the Millennial kingdom, Jesus is in a glorified body. Church age saints are in a glorified body. Tribulation saints are in a glorified body. OT believers are in a glorified body. The only ones not glorified are the mortals who enter the kingdom on earth. It’s strange to think of, but I look at it like this: we ALREADY co-mingle with beings who are spirit but occasionally inhabit bodies: demons, holy angels, and even possessed humans (or animals, like the Gadarene pigs or the satan-possessed serpent). The difference is that we do not know exactly who these individuals are (“angels among us unawares”) but in any case, there is a precedent for different types of beings co-inhabiting earth.

      If we were not given a glorified body in the way up in the rapture we would not be able to withstand the crushing holiness of God’s presence. As for folks now in heaven, some theologians speculate they have what’s called ‘intermediate bodies’, temporary physical bodies until the resurrection. Others say no, Rev 6:9 John says he saw the ‘souls” of those who had been slain.

      TRIVIA: do you know why, when an airplane is in trouble, the pilot or the Traffic Control says “How many souls on board?” not “How many people on board”? This is to distinguish live people from any remains in the cargo hold the plane may be carrying, so they are not inadvertently counted in the number of crash victims.


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